Timber Risk Score: 100 / 100 in 2017. The Timber Legality Risk Assessment contains an evaluation of the risk of illegality in Estonia for five categories and 21 sub-categories of law. We found:
- Specified risk for 0 sub-categories.
- Low risk for 17 sub-categories.
- No legal requirements for 4 sub-categories.
This page provides an overview of the legality risks related to timber produced in Estonia.
49% (2.22 million ha) of Estonia is covered by forests of which:
- About 3% is primary forest
- About 90% is naturally-regenerated forest
- About 7% is planted forest.
Roundwood production totalled 7.8 million m3 in 2015. The forestry sector (including wood processing and pulp and paper) contributed US$ 846.6 million to the economy in 2011, which is nearly 4.3% of the GDP.
NEPCon has evaluated Estonia as low risk for illegally harvested timber. Companies sourcing timber from Estonia should still take care to ensure that risks are not present in their supply chains.
This risk assessment was prepared between 2014-2018 according to the FSC-STD-40-005. The approved FSC Risk Assessment can be downloaded in the FSC Document Centre. ONLY Risk Assessments that have been formally reviewed and approved by FSC can be used by an FSC candidate or certified companies in risk assessments and will meet the FSC standards without further verification.
Score: 74 / 100 in 2021
Rank: 13 out of 180 countries in 2021
There are currently no armed conflicts in Estonia according to the Council on Foreign Relations' Global Conflict Tracker
FSC Certified Forest Area: 1,524,348 hectares (4 December 2019)
PEFC Certified Forest Area: 1,248,044 hectares (31 December 2019).
- Find out the different sources of legal timber
- Determine which source type your timber comes from
|Timber source||Description of source type|
Timber from state-owned forest managed by the State Forest Management Centre and its district offices. Forests are managed under management/harvest plans and the State Forest Management Centre has a digital database containing forest inventory data and plans for harvest operations. State Forest is FSC and PEFC certified.
Private forest and municipality forest
Timber from forests owned by private companies, small forest owners and municipalities. A management plan (printout on paper with statistics, maps etc.) is not compulsory in Estonia but there must be valid forest inventory data.
Low risk of illegality. We found that any breaches of applicable laws are temporary, unusual, limited in their impact, and effectively controlled by the relevant authorities.
We have not identified any specified risks and therefore have not suggested any mitigation actions.