Timber Risk Score: 100 / 100 in 2017. The Timber Legality Risk Assessment contains an evaluation of the risk of illegality in Germany for five categories and 21 sub-categories of law. We found:
- Specified risk for 0 sub-categories.
- Low risk for 13 sub-categories.
- No legal requirements for 8 sub-categories.
This page provides an overview of the legality risks related to timber produced in Germany.
32.7% (11.4 million ha) of Germany is covered by forests of which:
- About 53% is naturally-regenerated forest
- About 46% is planted forest.
Roundwood production totalled 55.6 million m3 in 2015. The forestry sector (including wood processing and pulp and paper) contributed US$ 26.1 billion to the economy in 2011, which was nearly 0.8% of the GDP.
NEPCon has evaluated Germany as low risk for illegally harvested timber. If you are sourcing timber from Germany you should still take care to ensure that risks are not present in your supply chains.
Score: 80 / 100 in 2021
Rank: 10 out of 180 countries in 2021
There are currently no armed conflicts in Germany according to the Council on Foreign Relations' Global Conflict Tracker
According to the Uppsala Conflict Data Program there were 12 deaths in 2010-2017
FSC Certified Forest Area: 1,438,013 hectares (4 December 2019)
PEFC Certified Forest Area: 7,601,892 hectares (31 December 2019).
|Timber source||Description of source type|
Timber from production forest owned by the Federal Republic, Federal States, and Communes.
Timber from production forest owned by private entities.
|Church-owned forest||Timber from production forest owned by churches (Note: extremely small area and therefore limited source of timber)|
Low risk of illegality. We found that any breaches of applicable laws are temporary, unusual, limited in their impact, and effectively controlled by the relevant authorities.
We have not identified any specified risks and therefore have not suggested any mitigation actions.