Thank you for your interest in this Timber Legality Risk Assessment
We are currently revising and updating this risk assessment, so it has been removed from the Sourcing Hub.
We have removed it while we update it, because we have been made aware there can be important changes to the risk conclusions.
A few main points to note is that version 1.0 of the risk assessment dates back from 2017 and a new forest Code has been adopted in 2019 along with implementing legislation. Additionally, the current version does not provide detailed information on “forêts classées”, which is an important source type in the Ivory Coast and has a specific legal framework.
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Overview of the forest sector
About 33% of Côte d'Ivoire is covered by forest (FAO, 2015).
The state holds management control over all forest lands and resources of the country. Logging takes place either in:
- permanent forest areas (state production forests). The Forest Development Corporation (SODEFOR is the French acronym) holds management and harvesting rights. Private companies can conduct forest management operations on State land through partnership agreements with SODEFOR and rural forests are granted to forest companies or loggers, or
- rural forest areas (PEF in French).
19% of the forest areas are state production forests and 78% of the forested areas are rural forest areas (PEF).
Most forests in Côte d'Ivoire are severely degraded or are at an early stage of secondary growth, except for some effectively protected areas (Timbertradeportal.com, 2016). The forest products industry is export-oriented, and this, coupled with poor forest governance, has encouraged the emergence of a clandestine sector of artisanal loggers to supply the local market.
The forest sector in Côte d'Ivoire is the subject of a new Forest Act (2014), which introduces major reforms to the sector including the granting of ownership of trees to landowners, the creation of the concept of community forests, etc. However, in the absence of decrees to implement the new Act, the former law still regulates forestry practice.
Several legality risks are present in Côte d'Ivoire timber supply chains. The risks are wide-ranging and appear across all categories of law. If you are sourcing timber from Côte d'Ivoire you should take care to ensure the extensive risks identified are not present in your supply chains, or have been sufficiently mitigated.
Score: 36 /100 in 2021
Rank: 105 out of 180 countries evaluated in 2021
Export ban on logs from natural forest and small diameter wood of Pterocarpuss spp.
Export quota for fresh wood.
VPA status: Negotiating
CITES appendix II: Dalbergia spp., Pericopsis elata, Pterocarpus erinaceus
- Find out the different sources of legal timber.
- Determine which source type your timber comes from.
- Find out the main documents that can be used to indicate legality throughout the supply chain.
|Timber source type||Description of source type|
Timber from State Production Forest (forêts classées)
Timber from state production forests (permanent forest area of the state).
State production forest requires a partnership agreement or harvesting contract between SODEFOR and the forestry company.
Timber from Rural Forest Areas (Périmètre d’exploitation forestière PEF)
Timber from the rural forest areas (non-permanent forest area), managed by forestry companies.
Rural forest areas require an allocation decree and an annual authorisation to renew activity signed by the Ministry of Water and Forests.